Disinfectants. Their use.
To think about the disinfection of people began in the 19th century. The first, who had the idea how to fight germs and other "harmful" organisms and substances, was Dr. Semmelweis I., Vienna. From examination of the patient, Semmelweis washing his hands with diluted bleach, and at the end - wiping them with lime from the same bleach. However, his aspirations and good intentions have not been evaluated, and soon the doctor was fired from his post.
After that, already in England, Dr. D. Lister again resorted to disinfection in the battle for purity. It handles and hand tools carboxylic acid. Soon, after some observations on the result, disinfectants in medicine began to gain momentum.
To date, medical disinfectants can be seen in each facility, as well as in beauty salons, massage salons, dental offices, kindergartens, cafes, restaurants and where there should be a sterility and cleanliness.
Disinfectants - it means, chemical or physical origin, which are aimed at the complete destruction of disease-causing viruses and bacteria on the human body, medical instruments and surfaces.
In terms of hospitals, clinics, medical centers, hospitals, disinfection to be everything. This and all kinds of medical instruments, medical equipment, dressing gowns, towels, linens, tableware. A must have disinfection of medical cabinets, chambers, showers, toilets, sinks. Also, making the cleaning of hospitals, for cleaning floors, walls, and windows, use the tool des. Working with disinfectants require special care, because such means are chemical, even with no apparent harm to humans.
Using disinfectants involves the removal of all microbes, they prevent the multiplication of viruses and infections, eliminate the bacteria completely disinfect any object in a fairly short period of time, have a complete antimicrobial action.
Nowadays, there are three main types of disinfectants: hand sanitizer, surface disinfection and sterilization of instruments.
Hand sanitizer - a disinfectant, which are applied to the area of hands, clearing them from the germs and creating anti-virus barrier. Such preservatives are made of water-based or alcohol. Antiseptics disinfect your hands up to 99%, tend to dry out quickly. Despite their alcohol-based antiseptic does not dry the skin, but on the contrary has a softening effect by glycerol or plant extracts in its composition.
Tools for the disinfection of surfaces fighting the spread of different types of infections, in addition, they are preventive properties. Such disinfectants have detergents containing in its composition, it enables not only disinfecting the surface, but also to wash it. Tools for the disinfection of surfaces is often sold in a ready and concentrated form. The first of them do not need to be thinned, which is convenient when there is a small time convenient to use. Using a ready means of disinfection, do not worry about the wrong dilution concentration. Concentrated disinfectant surfaces are economical in their consumption. Here you can adjust to the degree of concentration in the working solution.
Disinfectants for the sterilization of instruments used for disinfection and thorough cleaning of medical instruments and materials. Modern instruments sterilizing agent must be compatible with many materials, including a new generation of materials. They need to effectively clean all dirt and germs. The use of disinfectants should be safe for people and others.
Get disinfectants have, and be sure to clean your hands and your environment.